Maharashtra State Rural Livelihoods Mission



Key Features
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The Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana, better known as the SGSY programme, was restructured into the National Rural Livelihoods Mission by the Government of India in 2010. This reconfiguration has been a result of recommendations from stakeholder consultations with state governments, civil society...



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‘Wardhini’ model of SHG mobilization

UMED is successfully implementing ‘Wardhini’ Model as a homegrown model in three blocks of Wardha district.

A rich pool of barefoot SHG animators called ‘Sanghatikas’ were already trained under the SGSY in 2008. It was decided to utilize the services of these Sanghatikas in 5-8 blocks of Wardha and the nearby districts. The 72 Sanghatikas have brought in a significant qualitative improvement in the SHG movement in Wardha.

‘Wardhini’ rounds were organized in ‘Babhulgain’ and ‘Ralegaon’ blocks of Yavatmal. ‘Wardhinis’ stay in the villages for 15 days at a stretch for community mobilization. As per the plan they will complete 3 such rounds during April 2014 till June 2014. (one round per month).

9 active women out of 77 Wardhinis were identified as trainers during the course of training processes. The task of a Wardhini trainer is to train the newly identified community resource persons and book keepers from villages of other districts. The training process also involved village immersion of Wardhinis where they were attached with SERP-CRPs. This exercise helped Wardhinis understand the SERP working model and relate it with the context of Maharashtra State.

Achievements

Based on their learnings during the training programs, Wardhinis were able to form 4-5 new SHGs (in every village that they were assigned for) in the course of 7 days.

Wardhinis also worked on reviving the old SHGs as well as strengthening the existing groups.

Wardhinis are also putting special focus to bring the excluded and vulnerable members of the community within the unmbrella of Umed. They also have formed special SHGs of widows and PWDs.

They Wardhinis are optimistic about forming more number of new SHGs, reviving other old ones and strengthening the existing ones in the villages

Each Wardhini was given a separate ‘IEC kit’ it which included reference material, instructions, schedules, stationeries for their ready reference in the field.

Resource Block Strategy

Umed has entered into a partnership with the Society for the Elimination of Rural Poverty (SERP), Andhra Pradesh since 2012 to lead social mobilization and institution building processes in 8 blocks of 4 districts in Maharashtra including Jalna, Nandurbar, Gadhchiroli and Yavatmal. The core objective of the partnership is to replicate tried and tested strategies from Andhra Pradesh to mobilize poor rural women in Maharashtra and organize them into self managed institutions known as Self Help Groups (SHG). Trained community cadres from SERP have undertaken intensive field based mobilization rounds over the past 2 years to form new Self Help Groups and revive old or defunct SHGs in select clusters across 8 blocks. While Project Resource Persons (PRP) are positioned in clusters, Community Resource Persons (CRP) undertake periodic mobilization rounds of 45 days each. These collectives are organized around 5 key tenets known as the ‘Panchasutri’. The primary focus of the resource block strategy is on social mobilization and institution building in a manner that women are able to build and strengthen their own institutions and collectively access financial services, rights and entitlements. The distinctive feature of the SERP resource block strategy is identification and capacity building of community resource persons as book keepers and community mobilisers to ensure self reliance of SHGs.

Currently, CRPs have completed 8 rounds of mobilization. As an innovative strategy, SERP also facilitated a round of mobilization by CRPs from the Chenchu tribe of Andhra Pradesh. Very recently, the Chenchu CRPs have facilitated preparation of Micro Credit Plans (MCP) in blocks in Nandurbar that capture food security needs of tribal women in Nandurbar, especially during monsoons. MCPs have been developed in a participatory manner for few SHGs.

The current focus of the resource block strategy is on aggregating SHGs into Village Organizations (VO) and building their capacities. Facilitating MCP preparation and CIF utilization are other processes being supported under the partnership.


Non Intensive and Semi Intensive Strategy

National Rural Livelihoods Mission is being implemented in Maharashtra through 3 strategies-Intensive, Non-intensive and Semi intensive. Non-intensive and semi-intensive strategy has been introduced from 2013-14. Non & semi intensive strategy is being implemented in 315 blocks of 33 districts through district rural development agencies
(DRDAs). These strategies will do the necessary groundwork for phased implementation of intensive
strategy. A separate non-intensive cell has been created in state mission management unit for overall
coordination, supervision and monitoring. Read More



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