MSRLM envisages that the poor move gradually on the continuum from consumption → debt swapping → enhancement of existing livelihoods → diversification. Major focus of MSRLM is to stabilize and promote existing livelihoods portfolio of the poor, in farm and in non-farm sectors. MSRLM would look at the entire portfolio of livelihoods of each household and facilitate support for the activities at the individual/household level, or in a collective, or at both levels. As agriculture is the mainstay livelihoods activity for a large proportion of the rural poor, MSRLM will lay special focus on sustainable agriculture and allied activities like animal husbandry, non-timber forest produce and fisheries.
The MSRLM Livelihoods Promotion are:
1. 'Vulnerability Reduction' and 'Livelihoods Enhancement' through deepening/enhancing and expanding existing livelihoods options and tapping new opportunities within the key livelihoods that are virtually universally practiced like agriculture, livestock, fisheries, forest produce collection;
2. 'Skilled wage employment' - building skills for the job market outside;
3. 'Enterprises' - nurturing self-employed and entrepreneurs (for micro-enterprises).